Background Bushfire smoke contains a range of air toxics. To prevent inhalation of these toxics, fire fighters use respiratory equipment. Yet, little is known about the effectiveness of the equipment on the fire ground. Experimental trials in a smoke chamber… Read moreEffect of protective filters on fire fighter respiratory health: field validation during prescribed burns
Background An essential assumption of injury prevention programs is the common cause hypothesis that the causal pathways of near misses and minor injuries are similar to those of major injuries. Methods The rates of near miss, minor injury and major… Read moreNear miss and minor occupational injury: Does it share a common causal pathway with major injury?
Background Shoulder injuries are a common cause of pain and discomfort. Many work-related factors have been associated with the onset of shoulder symptoms. The psychosocial concepts in the demand-control model have been studied in association with musculoskeletal symptoms but with… Read morePsychosocial factors and shoulder symptom development among workers
Background Decreased productivity at work is an important consequence of the presence of health problems at work. Methods The study population consisted of 2,252 workers in 24 different companies in The Netherlands in 2005-2006 (response 56%). Self-reported loss of productivity… Read moreProductivity loss in the workforce: associations with health, work demands, and individual characteristics
Background Millions of foreign-born workers are employed in the US. Population-based surveys have value in describing the non-fatal work-related injuries that these workers suffer. Methods Using data from the 1997-2005 National Health Interview Survey, we compared the rates of non-fatal… Read moreWork-related non-fatal injuries among foreign-born and US-born workers: Findings from the U.S. National Health Interview Survey, 1997-2005
Background Inhalation incidents are an important cause of acute respiratory symptoms, but little is known about how these incidents affect chronic respiratory health. Methods We assessed reported inhalation incidents among 3,763 European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) participants with and… Read moreInhalation incidents and respiratory health: results from the European Community respiratory health survey
Background In Washington State an ergonomics rule was adopted in 2000 that focused on primary prevention. The implementation process followed a 6-year phase-in schedule where employers came into compliance based upon their size and industry. In late 2003 the rule… Read moreImpact of implementing the washington state ergonomics rule on employer reported risk factors and hazard reduction activity
Editorial policy for biomedical journals increasingly calls on authors to affirm that approval was received from an Institutional Review Board (IRB) (or equivalent) prior to initiating any human subjects research presented in a manuscript submitted for publication. For most investigations… Read moreProtecting human subjects: How much responsibility falls to editorial boards?
Background Given reports about variation in opioid prescribing, concerns about increasing opioid use and its associated negative consequences make understanding the sources of variability important. The aims of the study were to assess the extent of and factors associated with… Read moreGeographic variation in opioid prescribing for acute, work-related, low back pain and associated factors: A multilevel analysis
Background The objective of this study was to examine the impact of psychosocial work conditions on sickness absence while addressing methodological weaknesses in earlier studies. Methods The participants were 13,437 employees from 698 public service workplace units in Aarhus County,… Read moreSickness absence and workplace levels of satisfaction with psychosocial work conditions at public service workplaces